By Volodymyr Ivanov, Viktor Stabnikov
This ebook offers the 1st entire textual content on development biomaterials and bioprocesses. It information features of development biotechnology, a brand new interdisciplinary zone concerning functions of environmental and commercial microbiology and biotechnology in geotechnical and civil engineering. It additionally significantly reports all present and power development biotechnology processes.
It discusses a couple of subject matters together with the biotechnological creation of latest building fabrics reminiscent of self-healing concrete, building biocomposites, development bioplastics, and biotechnological admixtures to cement. It additionally addresses construction-related strategies like biocementation, bioclogging, soil floor fixation and biosealing, microbial cements and grouts, the biocoating of development fabric surfaces, the microbiology and biosafety of the development setting, the prevention of biocorrosion in addition to biodeterioration and biofouling in civil engineering. Biomediated precipitation of calcium, magnesium, and iron compounds as carbonates, phosphates, sulphides, and silicate minerals in soil for its clogging and strengthening are thought of from geotechnical, chemical, and microbiological issues of view. It bargains an outline of the elemental microbiology that would permit civil engineers to accomplish the development biogeochemical tactics. layout ideas and issues for various box implementations are mentioned from a pragmatic standpoint. The e-book can be utilized as a textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate scholars in biotechnology, civil engineering and environmental engineering in addition to a reference booklet for researchers and practitioners operating during this new interdisciplinary area.
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Extra resources for Construction Biotechnology: Biogeochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology of Construction Materials and Processes
This noncompetitive inhibition of enzymatic activity can be described by the following equation: V ¼ Vmax =ð1 þ I=Ki Þ; where V and Vmax are current and maximum velocities, respectively; Ki is the inhibition constant describing the afﬁnity of the inhibitor for the enzyme; I is concentration of inhibitor. Speciﬁc inhibitors are the competitors of substrate for active center of enzyme. Competitive inhibition of enzymatic activity can be described by the equation V ¼ Vmax S=½S þ Ks =ð1 þ I=Ki Þ; where the symbols are the same as in the paragraph above.
Competitive inhibition of enzymatic activity can be described by the equation V ¼ Vmax S=½S þ Ks =ð1 þ I=Ki Þ; where the symbols are the same as in the paragraph above. 19 The Role of Enzyme Kinetics in Engineering These kinetic equations for enzymatic activity are important in engineering because very often the whole rate of cellular metabolism depends on the rate of the slowest biochemical reaction. In this case, the rate of the whole cell metabolism, cellular biodegradation of energy source, cellular growth can be described by the equation similar to the equation of the enzyme kinetics.
2 Effect of injection on the distribution of adhered bacterial cells in soil column (a) Flow of bacterial suspension Bacterial cells content Depth from surface (b) Flow of bacterial suspension Bacterial cells content Depth from surface (c) Flow of bacterial suspension Bacterial cells content Depth from surface An injection of suspension into the upper part of the soil column will give almost even distribution of bacterial cells in the soil column (Fig. 2b) because of fast flow under gravity and fast distribution of bacterial suspension in the volume of the pores.
Construction Biotechnology: Biogeochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology of Construction Materials and Processes by Volodymyr Ivanov, Viktor Stabnikov