By Henriette De Bruyn Kops
This fiscal and social background assesses the effect of the coastal wine and brandy exchange at the early glossy French, Dutch, and Atlantic economies, and highlights the significance of interconnecting own networks of Dutch, Sephardic Jewish, and New Christian retailers.
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Additional info for A spirited exchange: the wine and brandy trade between France and the Dutch Republic in its Atlantic framework, 1600-1650
Nine men show up in the Àrst decade of the 17th, Àve between 1611 and 1618, and 16 in the troubled 1620s. 28 chapter one appeal as commercial center, which forced the move into smoother waters. Dutch skippers had every right to be wary of the navy. The battles between the French navy and the “Rochelloosen” at the end of September 1622 forced a group of thirty Dutch ships to Áee out of fear of conÀscation of goods and ships by the French navy which was perennially short on the latter. 33 The Àghting near La Rochelle undeniably reduced the city’s attraction as mercantile center, but until the loss of its tax beneÀts in 1628, La Rochelle continued to entice some merchants foolish or eager enough to risk voyages in troubled waters in order to avoid high duties on their goods.
For the invasion agreement of February 1635, see Israel, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness and Fall, 1477–1806, 527. In 1656, the Dutch in Nantes buttressed their claim to equal rights to French merchants with this 1635 decree. 43 In addition to the military subsidies, the commercial leveling of the trading Àeld inside France must have served to sweeten the pill of the disruptions caused by intensiÀed Àghting in and off Flanders. The conditions of war immediately led to the ofÀcial ban on commercial relations between France and Spain, acerbating the economic and thus political tensions in places heavily dependent on the Iberian trade such as Nantes.
105/179/249, 9 March 1626. At the request of Amsterdam merchant Joost Baalst, wine buyer Willem Ambrosius states that 120 last of barley were loaded near La Rochelle in December 1625 and Michiel van Lamswaerde in Nantes had nothing to do with that shipment. At this time, Willem Abrosius owned a house and warehouse called De Druif [ The Grape] along the Blaack, one of Rotterdam’s inner harbors. the dutch community in nantes 23 signaled the end of the city’s favorable tax climate. 17 Even if the problems in La Rochelle were a push factor, we must Àrst consider the pull of Nantes itself.
A spirited exchange: the wine and brandy trade between France and the Dutch Republic in its Atlantic framework, 1600-1650 by Henriette De Bruyn Kops