France

A Social History of France, 1789-1914 - download pdf or read online

By Peter McPhee

ISBN-10: 0333997506

ISBN-13: 9780333997505

This quantity presents an authoritative synthesis of modern paintings at the social historical past of France and is now completely revised and up-to-date to hide the 'long 19th century' from 1789-1914. Peter McPhee bargains either a readable narrative and a particular, coherent argument approximately this century. McPhee explores topics similar to peasant interplay with the surroundings, the altering adventure of labor and rest, the character of crime and protest, altering demographic styles and family members constitution, the spiritual practices of employees and peasants, and the ideology and inner repercussions of colonisation.

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In regions of dispersed habitat, such as Brittany, parts of the west, and much of the Massif Central, Sunday mass was the time when the parish felt its community identity. Peter Jones has argued that in the southern Massif Central the community was indeed a communion of souls, reinforced by mutual mistrust between Catholics and small, concentrated groups of Protestants. 28 Eighteenth-century France was thus a society in which privilege was integral to social hierarchy, wealth and individual identity.

Moreover, as the food crisis worsened and evidence multiplied of open contempt for the Revolution on the part of army officers, the victory of the summer of 1789 seemed again in question. For the second time, the menu peuple of Paris intervened to safeguard a revolution they deemed to be theirs. 16 On 5 October, some 5,000–6,000 women, belatedly followed by the National Guard, marched to Versailles and compelled the royal family to return to Paris with the Assembly in its wake. By identifying the royal family as ‘the baker, the baker’s wife and the baker’s apprentice’, the women were also making explicit the ancient assumption of royal responsibility to God for the provision of food.

The great châteaux and cathedrals of provincial France, beloved of tourists today, were elaborate statements of spiritual and secular power to those who worshipped in or worked near them. But no more resonant or imposing assertion of divinely-sanctioned worldly power existed than the royal palace at Versailles. The spatial organization of the formal gardens and the sheer size of the 580-metre facade symbolized a royal claim of pre-eminence and authority. The third pillar of the power structure of eighteenth-century France, the monarchy, like nobles and clergy, drew its authority, influence and wealth from its control of its subjects.

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A Social History of France, 1789-1914 by Peter McPhee


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