By Elizabeth Makowski
WINNER OF THE 2007 background of girls non secular exceptional ebook AWARD
Whether they have been secular canonesses or beguines, tertiaries or Sisters of the typical lifestyles, quasi-religious girls within the later heart a while lived their lives opposed to a backdrop of fight and lack of confidence ensuing, in huge degree, from their ambivalent criminal prestige. simply because they lacked a number of of the canonical earmarks of non secular ladies strictly conversing, they'd to justify their unauthorized lifestyle and to safeguard themselves opposed to organization with those that were branded unorthodox, unruly, or maybe heretical. Ambiguous criminal prestige in the equipped Church and the contests to which it gave upward push are a continuing subject within the historiography of quasi-religious ladies, but there was no full-scale learn of what it intended at legislation to be a mulier religiosa.
This ebook presents a radical exam of the writings of canon legal professionals within the past due heart a while as they arrive to phrases, either of their educational paintings and in addition of their roles as judges and advisers, with girls who weren't, strictly talking, non secular, yet who have been popularly considered such. It experiences the ways that jurists strove to categorize those girls and to explain the occasionally ambivalent canons with regards to their lives in the neighborhood. It assesses, between different issues, the level to which attorneys proved aware of renowned in addition to realized notions of what constituted spiritual lifestyles for ladies whilst the pursuits of specific consumers have been at stake.
"A Pernicious type of Woman" should be an invaluable complement to books dedicated to person quasi-religious ladies or to precise manifestations of girl lay piety. it is going to be of curiosity to historians of Christianity and experts within the legislation and women's experiences in addition to someone drawn to the heritage of non secular women.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Elizabeth Makowski is affiliate Professor of historical past at Texas kingdom collage. She is the writer of Canon legislations and Cloistered Women and coauthor of Wykked Wyves and the Woes of Marriage.
PRAISE FOR THE BOOK:
"This booklet might be useful make clear the context during which ladies built their types of non secular lifestyles and be of use to historians and people who examine specific girls or groups that have been attempting to live to tell the tale in [the later heart Ages]."―Magistra
"This ebook is a useful follow-up to the author's first-class monograph Canon legislation and Cloistered Women. . . . there's no doubt that A Pernicious type of Woman is a major ebook. Makowski's tale of the formula, reception, and use of the Clementine decrees on quasi-religious ladies is a version of ways the missed, 'elephantine literature' of Fourteenth- and Fifteenth-century canon legislation might be tamed and placed to strong use. Makowski geared toward a large scholarly viewers and her publication hits the mark: a reader unaware of canon legislations may well take with no consideration the lucid summaries of texts that may be particularly intractable. these professional in ecclesiastical legislation will take pleasure in this fulfillment the entire extra, yet also needs to be thankful for the best way Makowski easily built-in such technical fabric with one of many scorching themes of medieval historiography this day: overdue medieval women's religiosity."―Patrick Nold, Ecclesiastical legislations Journal
"Elizabeth Makowski brilliantly is smart of the incongruities among canon law's expanding 'crack-down' on spiritual girls of all types and the reality of accelerating numbers of past due medieval quasi-religious girls. In so doing she has written a necessary publication for all these embarking at the research of medieval spiritual girls, at the historical past of canon legislations, and at the heritage of these overdue medieval cities and areas that started to persecute beguines and different non secular girls. the significance of this research is threefold: it constitutes a priceless advent to the paintings
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Extra resources for "A Pernicious Sort of Woman": Quasi-Religious Women and Canon Lawyers in the Later Middle Ages
Cahiers de Fanjeaux, vol. 29, (Toulouse: Editions Privat, 1994), p. 285. For further biographical details see Schulte, pp. 197–98; G. Mollat, DDC, 5:1078–79. This canonist’s name, along with those of many of his contemporaries, is spelled variously. 13. Guilelmus de Monte Laudano, Apparatus in Clementinas, Paris, BN lat 14331, folo 102v. 14. Guilelmus de Monte Laudano, Apparatus: ad verbum approbare: malas hominum voluntates ad plenum prohibere non possumus. 15. Officially entitled Concordia discordantium canonum, this attempt to systematize the law of the church using scholastic methodology was commonly referred to simply as the Decretum.
Mattheus Romanus’ Lectura super Clementinis may also have been written before the publication of the glossa ordinaria, according to Kuttner, “Apostillae,” p. 198. I have not been able to study this work, which only exists in manuscript (Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye 29), but later canonists’ citations of Romanus’ work will be mentioned as they occur. 17. This is the date given by Kuttner, “Apostillae,” p. 196, correcting the date of 1326 given by Schulte, QL, 2:217. For details of his life and work see: James A.
While we might quibble about the appropriateness of Guilelmus’ proof text—we can only speculate about the parallel to fornication which he might have had in mind—it is clear that Guilelmus applied St. Chrysostom’s reasoning to explain the fact that the enduring, yet suspect, institution of canonesses was still permitted to exist. 17 Johannes received his doctorate from the University of Bologna between 1296 and 1300, and held a chair of canon law in 1303. He numbered influential canonists like Johannes Calderinus and Paulus de Liazariis among his students, and no less a luminary than Petrarch among his friends.
"A Pernicious Sort of Woman": Quasi-Religious Women and Canon Lawyers in the Later Middle Ages by Elizabeth Makowski