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A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu (Mouton by Jeffrey Heath PDF

By Jeffrey Heath

ISBN-10: 3110162857

ISBN-13: 9783110162851

This article provides grammar in English of a language of the Songhay kinfolk of West Africa. The emphasis is on grammatical different types and morphosyntax. subject matters contain: focalization and relativization, logophoric pronouns, conjunctions and serial verbs.

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This article offers grammar in English of a language of the Songhay kin of West Africa. The emphasis is on grammatical different types and morphosyntax. issues comprise: focalization and relativization, logophoric pronouns, conjunctions and serial verbs.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu (Mouton Grammar Library, 19)

Example text

Other long vowels are rare word-finally in nonmonosyllables; we can cite didii 'roll up', loloo 'alley', moroo 'excrement (pellets)', luuluu 'immerse in water', and tootoo 'rice chaff, plus a few loans like fumoo 'charcoal burner'. 5. 6 Nonfinal long vowels in nonmonosyllabic stems Phonemic long vowels in stem-internal closed syllables arc fairly uncommon but do occur. They are subject to phonetic shortening pressures, but in a number of stems this shortening is not complete, so the phonemic length remains valid.

3 Syllabic shapes of monosyllabic stems In (31) we summarize the data for monosyllabic words consisting of a stem (usually a noun or verb). The preferred shapes are CVV and CVC (final segment not an obstruent). (31) Syllabic shapes shape #V #W (monosyllabic stems) example gloss — — — — comments #Vw #VR #VT #cv CVV Cvv CVy CVw CVR CVT CWy CVVR CVVT #CW/j NCVR NCVVR — baa hää hew kar dob 'want' 'inquire' 'work' 'air' 'hit' 'attach' gaay daar piik restrain — 'spread out' — 'spades (card suit)' rare (loans only) ncam, ncom njeerjeer 'mouse' 'antelope' 9oy — — — — — b only, rare rare rare Again, we might consider the forms beginning with NC to be bisyllabic.

Glottal stop): this sound is fairly common in Arabic, and certain Songhays who know some Arabic retain the sound in borrowings: daa'iman 'never'. 18 3 Phonology Since there are few phonological rules, there is not a great deal of dynamic evidence for grouping the segments into classes. ). The table aligns affricates c, j with the corresponding stop series. 2. 3. These processes suggest phonological groupings: alveolars {f d s I n r}; labials {b m f w}; and palatoalveolars {c j n y}. 2 Oral vowels The oral vowels are short {/ e a o u} and their long counterparts [ii ee aa oo uu}.

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A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu (Mouton Grammar Library, 19) by Jeffrey Heath


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