By Jacques Cotta
Plus de 7 thousands de salariés perçoivent un salaire inférieur à 722 euros par mois et se trouvent dans l'incapacité de se nourrir, de se loger ou de s'habiller décemment, de même que leur famille. Plus de 12 hundreds of thousands ont moins de 843 euros de revenu mensuel. Plus de three sans abode fixe sur 10 ont un boulot à temps complet, partiel ou précaire, gagnent souvent entre 900 et 1300 euros, et cherchent pourtant soir après soir où dormir... Entre los angeles moitié et les deux levels des femmes qui travaillent ont un contrat au sigle étrange - CES, CIE, CEC... -, touchent moins de 750 euros par mois, ont un enfant, vivent seules ou avec un conjoint au chômage et forment ninety % des familles monoparentales...
Nous voilà dans le monde des travailleurs pauvres!
Alors que jamais le will pay n'a été aussi riche - le PIB est en development constante depuis les années 1990 -, los angeles précarité s'est développée sur un mode exponentiel. En dix ans, l'intérim a augmenté de one hundred thirty percent, le nombre de CDD de 60 percent, les CDI de seulement 2 percent. Plus d'un million de personnes bénéficient du RMI, plus de 500000 de l'allocation solidarité.
Cela n'arrive qu'aux autres? Erreur! Tout le monde peut être concerné du jour au lendemain après un drame team of workers, un événement familial, un licenciement... Au cours de cette enquête, dans l. a. lignée du Peuple d'en bas de Jack London ou de Dans l. a. dèche à Paris et à Londres de George Orwell, Jacques Colla a rencontré des personnes qui le savent bien: André, ancien prof surdiplômé, Éric, assureur autodidacte, Jean-François, boucher charcutier, Yves, coiffeur dans l. a. marine reconverti sur los angeles terre ferme, Étienne, informaticien recyclé dans le gardiennage, Roland, manutentionnaire, Jean, jardinier... Autant de travailleurs dont on n'aurait jamais soupçonné, au top-rated abord, qu'ils pouvaient être touchés par cette nouvelle pauvreté. Ils avaient une famille, une maison, pignon sur rue, et ils ont tout perdu.
Le sujet dérange. Hommes politiques et médias n'en parlent que rarement. Tout au plus comptabilise-t-on, en hiver, les morts de froid, en les présentant comme des «SDF», sans autre précision. Puis l'information est reléguée au moment plan.
Le thème sera sans doute au coeur des débats dans los angeles point of view des élections de 2007. L'occasion, donc, de poser quelques questions à ceux qui nous gouvernent ou qui en ont l'ambition...
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About the Author
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Additional info for 7 millions de travailleurs pauvres : La face cachée des temps modernes
But more important than these technical advances was the centrality accorded to health in the post-war re-making of society. qxp 10/6/2008 7:24 PM Page 27 build ‘homes fit for heroes’ through raising public funds. Having played an important role in the war effort, medicine was seen as a central profession in building society back up. Changes to the national insurance scheme made it more accessible and widened the availability of medical services. 1918–1939 The period between the world wars saw infectious disease continue to retreat, with effects on longevity as the proportion of people over 65 years in the population increased from 6 per cent in 1920 to 9 per cent in 1940.
Scientific medicine was viewed as playing a key role in relieving society of its burden of disease, disability, premature death and depression through the appliance of innovative technology and pharmaceuticals. The introduction of penicillin to treat civilian illness after the war established its reputation as a wonder drug and cemented the public’s faith in scientific medicine. However, the unwanted side-effects of scientific intervention were already apparent: by 1948 nearly 60 per cent of staphylococci isolated at the Hammersmith Hospital in London were already penicillin resistant.
Qxp 2 10/6/2008 7:25 PM Page 37 DEFINING THE DOCTOR’S REMIT Chapter summary This chapter describes: » how doctors’ work can be distinguished from that of other health professionals; » key features of the doctor’s role which are identified as: – determining what constitutes legitimate disease; – defining when a person has died; – overseeing death when it is sanctioned by the state. However, these features do not apply exclusively to physicians and not all physicians undertake this type of work. Useful terms for this chapter diagnosis: the process of identifying a disease or condition through its symptoms and signs disease: a medically recognized and diagnosable pathological condition associated with an underlying lesion, such as an infection or tumour.
7 millions de travailleurs pauvres : La face cachée des temps modernes by Jacques Cotta