Sociology

New PDF release: 7 millions de travailleurs pauvres : La face cachée des

By Jacques Cotta

ISBN-10: 2213640963

ISBN-13: 9782213640969

Plus de 7 thousands de salariés perçoivent un salaire inférieur à 722 euros par mois et se trouvent dans l'incapacité de se nourrir, de se loger ou de s'habiller décemment, de même que leur famille. Plus de 12 hundreds of thousands ont moins de 843 euros de revenu mensuel. Plus de three sans abode fixe sur 10 ont un boulot à temps complet, partiel ou précaire, gagnent souvent entre 900 et 1300 euros, et cherchent pourtant soir après soir où dormir... Entre los angeles moitié et les deux levels des femmes qui travaillent ont un contrat au sigle étrange - CES, CIE, CEC... -, touchent moins de 750 euros par mois, ont un enfant, vivent seules ou avec un conjoint au chômage et forment ninety % des familles monoparentales...

Nous voilà dans le monde des travailleurs pauvres!

Alors que jamais le will pay n'a été aussi riche - le PIB est en development constante depuis les années 1990 -, los angeles précarité s'est développée sur un mode exponentiel. En dix ans, l'intérim a augmenté de one hundred thirty percent, le nombre de CDD de 60 percent, les CDI de seulement 2 percent. Plus d'un million de personnes bénéficient du RMI, plus de 500000 de l'allocation solidarité.

Cela n'arrive qu'aux autres? Erreur! Tout le monde peut être concerné du jour au lendemain après un drame team of workers, un événement familial, un licenciement... Au cours de cette enquête, dans l. a. lignée du Peuple d'en bas de Jack London ou de Dans l. a. dèche à Paris et à Londres de George Orwell, Jacques Colla a rencontré des personnes qui le savent bien: André, ancien prof surdiplômé, Éric, assureur autodidacte, Jean-François, boucher charcutier, Yves, coiffeur dans l. a. marine reconverti sur los angeles terre ferme, Étienne, informaticien recyclé dans le gardiennage, Roland, manutentionnaire, Jean, jardinier... Autant de travailleurs dont on n'aurait jamais soupçonné, au top-rated abord, qu'ils pouvaient être touchés par cette nouvelle pauvreté. Ils avaient une famille, une maison, pignon sur rue, et ils ont tout perdu.

Le sujet dérange. Hommes politiques et médias n'en parlent que rarement. Tout au plus comptabilise-t-on, en hiver, les morts de froid, en les présentant comme des «SDF», sans autre précision. Puis l'information est reléguée au moment plan.

Le thème sera sans doute au coeur des débats dans los angeles point of view des élections de 2007. L'occasion, donc, de poser quelques questions à ceux qui nous gouvernent ou qui en ont l'ambition...

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New PDF release: The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the

Unique yr of ebook: 1942

Preface
Jewish communal historical past through the millennia of diaspora lifestyles has lengthy been the topic of substantial scholarly cognizance. the eu group of the pre-Emancipation period, specially, has for many years attracted glossy investigators through its various outstanding positive factors. Its extraordinary mixture of spiritual and secular authority, its virtually “extraterritorial” prestige and “sovereign” political powers and its overwhelming keep watch over over its individuals have flattered the political objectives of nationally minded smooth Jews, yet antagonized many reformers and anti-segregationists. Philo-Sémites and anti-Semites one of the non-Jews, too, have usually held certain reviews concerning the “ghetto” neighborhood. Like their Jewish confreres, even though, they, too, have often substituted one or one other bias for trustworthy info and sound reasoning. it truly is was hoping that this primary test at a complete ancient and sociological research of the whole communal evolution to the Emancipation period may also help to advertise readability, if now not unanimity of appraisal.

Apart from the standard embarrassment in defining the hugely ambiguous time period “community” — it truly is used the following within the winning, organizational experience that is even narrower than that of the German Gemeinde — scholars of communal elements of Jewish heritage are beset via opposing problems: an severe dearth of fabric for sure parts and sessions and a plethora of extant info on different areas and epochs. smooth literature at the topic, too, is erratically allotted and masses repetition in a single box is irritated by means of approximately overall silence in others. the current writer has made an attempt to take care of the relative proportions of many of the levels of his ramified subject despite this quantitative disparity. within the use of the tremendous and important literature of rabbinic responsa, for instance, he has been guided mostly by means of the significance of the international locations or centuries in their provenance. consultant samples from assorted components and classes have been thought of extra promising than mere focus on works of some striking masters, in spite of the fact that nice a power the latter can have wielded at the next evolution of Jewish law.

The concentration of this complete paintings is situated at the ecu group of the center a while and early sleek instances, either end result of the nice richness and diversity of its historical accomplishments and, genetically, due to its intimate linkage to Jewish neighborhood lifestyles through the international this present day. even as its deep moorings within the historic and contemporaneous japanese groups have come to the fore ever extra insistently. actually, whereas attempting to notice the hidden springs of this phenomenally tenacious evolution, the author stumbled on himself delving deeper and deeper not just into the vague geographical regions of the 1st Exile and the Persian and Hellenistic dispersion, but additionally into the early manifestations of historical Palestinian municipal lifestyles. Many quite unforeseen relationships have laid naked essentially the most autochthonous roots of the diaspora neighborhood securely ensconced within the ever fertile soil of historical Israel. it's been came across invaluable, consequently, to dedicate the 1st chapters to a basic define of either the fashionable foreground and the traditional historical past of the neighborhood in dispersion in its striking historical occupation from the Babylonian Exile to the yank and French Revolutions.

About the Author

Salo W. Baron, who used to be a rabbi, educator, and editor, was once esteemed as a Jewish historian. A prolific author, Baron used to be most sensible recognized for his eighteen-volume paintings A Social and spiritual historical past of the Jews. He used to be ordained a rabbi in 1920 and obtained doctoral levels in philosophy, political technology, and legislations from the college of Vienna. He later served as a professor of Jewish heritage and literature at Columbia collage for thirty-three years. As a pupil, Baron is credited with broadening and modernizing the historical view of the Jewish event. moreover, he supplied testimony for the prosecution on the trial of Nazi authentic Adolf Eichmann. Baron additionally edited Jewish Social stories and the sequence "A Documentary historical past of yankee Jews. "

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But more important than these technical advances was the centrality accorded to health in the post-war re-making of society. qxp 10/6/2008 7:24 PM Page 27 build ‘homes fit for heroes’ through raising public funds. Having played an important role in the war effort, medicine was seen as a central profession in building society back up. Changes to the national insurance scheme made it more accessible and widened the availability of medical services. 1918–1939 The period between the world wars saw infectious disease continue to retreat, with effects on longevity as the proportion of people over 65 years in the population increased from 6 per cent in 1920 to 9 per cent in 1940.

Scientific medicine was viewed as playing a key role in relieving society of its burden of disease, disability, premature death and depression through the appliance of innovative technology and pharmaceuticals. The introduction of penicillin to treat civilian illness after the war established its reputation as a wonder drug and cemented the public’s faith in scientific medicine. However, the unwanted side-effects of scientific intervention were already apparent: by 1948 nearly 60 per cent of staphylococci isolated at the Hammersmith Hospital in London were already penicillin resistant.

Qxp 2 10/6/2008 7:25 PM Page 37 DEFINING THE DOCTOR’S REMIT Chapter summary This chapter describes: » how doctors’ work can be distinguished from that of other health professionals; » key features of the doctor’s role which are identified as: – determining what constitutes legitimate disease; – defining when a person has died; – overseeing death when it is sanctioned by the state. However, these features do not apply exclusively to physicians and not all physicians undertake this type of work. Useful terms for this chapter diagnosis: the process of identifying a disease or condition through its symptoms and signs disease: a medically recognized and diagnosable pathological condition associated with an underlying lesion, such as an infection or tumour.

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7 millions de travailleurs pauvres : La face cachée des temps modernes by Jacques Cotta


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